DGM Network

Since 1987 taking the danger out of dangerous goods

Regulations for all modes of transport (IMO IMDG, ICAO TI, ADR, CFR 49, etc...) include a requirement to train the staff related to the transport of dangerous goods. The statements and tables included in all of them are designed around the job title and are subject-matter driven.

As of late, a new paradigm is appearing: Competency-Based Training (CBT).

Competency-Based Training

 

 

What do we mean by CBT?

According to the DGP-WG/14-WP/1 document, produced by the Dangerous Goods Panel of ICAO, CBT is designed to ensure that trainees can perform the job and it is function driven. Competency is the key element and it is defined as "a combination of skills, knowledge and attitudes required to perform a task to the prescribed standard".

CBT is characterized by a performance orientation and their measurement. Continuous assessment is a basic element of any kind of CBT.

 

Implementation of CBT

The application of CBT in the transport of dangerous goods by air is not going to be trouble-free, but the first steps are already in motion.

All personnel involved in the shipping of dangerous goods must receive appropriate training in the requirements commensurate with their responsibilities. Six competency units, under which all the different responsibilities can be categorized, have already been identified by ICAO:

  1. Classifying dangerous goods
  2. Preparing a dangerous goods shipment
  3. Processing/accepting cargo
  4. Managing cargo pre-loading
  5. Accepting passenger and crew baggage
  6. Loading/unloading of cargo/baggage

For proper training, these competency units should be combined with competency elements (actions and tasks) and performance criteria (evaluative statements).

CBT does not only directly contribute to improving the trainees' performance on their jobs, but should also provide them with a method that guides them through the learning process, turning into active participants instead of mere passive recipients of knowledge. In order to achieve this, the employer must conduct an analysis that properly identifies the training needs, the relevant competencies for the trainees and the level of knowledge required for their corresponding functions.

 

Benefits to expect

The future application of CBT will benefit the safe transport of dangerous goods, and in turn this may reduce occurrences that could introduce risk to the aviation system.

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